This is a detailed segment of one of the “risk” maps developed by the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation during the 1930s. This map shows the near north side of Minneapolis. The areas shaded red were deemed too hazardous for federally-back loans. Most of the city’s African-Americans and many Jewish families lived in these areas that were “red-lined.” (Courtesy National Archives and Records Administration via the Mapping Inequality Project).

1934 HOLC Minneapolis Map

This is a detailed segment of one of the “risk” maps developed by the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation during the 1930s. This map shows the near north side of Minneapolis. The areas shaded red were deemed too hazardous for federally-back loans. Most of the city’s African-Americans and many Jewish families lived in these areas that were “red-lined.” (Courtesy National Archives and Records Administration via the Mapping Inequality Project).